PRAKHAR VAN-Current Affairs 2019

1. ERSS-112; PRAKHAR VAN

Union Ministry for Home Affairs launched the Emergency Response Support System (ERSS-112) and PRAKHAR street crime patrol van in Delhi.

Emergency Response Support System (ERSS-112):

  • The emergency response support system (ERSS-112) Is a helpline system which has been developed as a nationwide single emergency number for emergency services – police, fire, and ambulance. It will gradually phase out the other three emergency helpline numbers.
  • Indeed, This single number for emergency services is similar to “112” in the European Union consisting of 28 member states and ‘’911’’ in the United States of America.
  • Furthermore, With this launch, Delhi becomes the 19th state/UT to have adopted ERSS-112.
  • Initially, it was launched in Himachal Pradesh and Nagaland and further extended to 16 other states.

PRAKHAR:

  • Concurrently, It is a street crime patrol van, for patrolling at crime hot spot locations.
  • Besides these vans different from PCRs as these vans carry more firepower and equipped with modern technology.
  • Consequently, one van deployed in each district in Delhi. Its strength will augment in due course with a target of 100 such vans for the city. 

2.TOBACCO QUITLINE

Since its inception in September 2018, the Union government’s tobacco Quitline, for counselling in south Indian languages, has received more than 5 lakh calls.

Tobacco Quitline:

  • The helpline 1800-11-2356 — started by the Union Health Ministry in April last year — displayed on all tobacco products.
  • The toll-free Tobacco Quit-line Services [1800-11-2356] provides counselling and strategies for quitting tobacco use.
  • Subsequently, the south Indian regional languages cell, NIMHANS Tobacco Quitline started on September 11. And, monitored by the National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS) in Bengaluru.

mCessation Programme:

  • The Centre’s ‘mCessation’ Programme to quit tobacco is a text messaging programme for mobile phone users. A person looking to quit tobacco can give a missed call to 011-22901701 after which, they will be sent a series of messages over several months.
  • Indeed, In a 2018 report published by the peer-reviewed online journal BMJ Innovations, it reported that the ‘mCessation’ programme in India had seen a 19% quit rate (estimated as not used any tobacco in the past 30 days).

Important Info :

As per the recent second round of Global Adult Tobacco Survey [GATS -2, 2016-17] conducted in the age group 15 years and above, 61.9% of current cigarette smokers, 53.8% of current bidi smokers and 46.2% of current smokeless tobacco users thought about quitting because of warning label on packets of cigarette, bidi and smokeless tobacco.

3. FIRST INDIGENOUS FUEL CELL SYSTEM

The President of India, Ram Nath Kovind, unveiled the first Indigenous High-Temperature Fuel Cell System on the occasion of CSIR Foundation Day at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi.

About: 

  • The system has been developed by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) in partnership with Indian industries.
  • Consequently, It has been developed under India’s flagship program named “New Millennium Indian Technology Leadership Initiative (NMITLI).”
  • Working:
    • The 5.0 kW fuel cell system generates power in a green manner using methanol / bio-methane, with heat and water as bi-products for further use; amounting to greater than 70% efficiency, which otherwise may not be possible by other energy sources.
    • Indeed, The Fuel Cells developed are based on High-Temperature Proton Exchange Membrane (HTPEM) Technology.
  • Significance:
    • Indeed, This development would replace Diesel Generating (DG) sets and help reduce India’s dependence on crude oil.
    • Furthermore, In the field of clean energy, Fuel Cell distributed power generation systems are emerging as a promising alternative to grid power.
    • Besides, It carries immense national importance in terms of non-grid energy security.

4.FAKE NEWS

20 countries, including France, Britain and India, have signed an agreement at the United Nations (UN) to stop the spread of fake news online.

20 countries, including France, Britain and India, have signed an agreement at the United Nations (UN) to stop the spread of fake news online.
FAKE NEWS

About:

  • Indeed, the signatories committed to promoting independently reported, diverse and reliable information on the internet under an accord initiated by Reporters Without Borders (RSF), a press freedom watchdog.
  • Concurrently, The agreement underlined the responsibility of internet providers to promote trustworthy content and pluralism to escape the current information chaos. 

Important Info :

Reporters Without Borders?

  • Name: Reporters Without Borders is also known under its original name Reporters Sans Frontières (RSF).
  • Type: Non-profit organization, non-governmental organization with consultant status at the United Nations.
  • Headquarters: Paris, France.
  • Functions: Consequently, To conducts political advocacy on issues relating to freedom of information and freedom of the press.
  • Furthermore, Its key Publications are the World Press Freedom Index, Predators of Press Freedom ad Press Freedom Barometer.

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